A success of pregnancy depends on a proper implantation and induction of immune tolerance. The immune system secures it by various mechanisms – special cells, cytokines, HLA molecules, peripheral tolerance take part in.
The immune system of the newborn has also its own specifics as it matures relatively long time till it reaches the same protective ability as characteristic for adults.
Common people perceive Immunology as a scientific branch that studies defence of an organism against germs, cancer cells, toxins etc. Nowadays, Immunology is defined a scientific branch that studies immunity, its cellular and molecular processes that proceed after a foreign substance, an antigen, enters our body. There are many notable personalities who contributed to its development. Let us mention only some of them – Louis Pasteur, Ilja Mecnikov, Jean Dausset and many, many others. They contributed to the fact that Immunology belongs to those scientific disciplines that develop the most intensively in recent years.
ECG description, basic pathological findings, step to step description of ECG.
Endocryne system of the human body.
Decription of the endocrine system - part I. The lecture for the 1st year medical students - Dentistry branch (English Programme): describes the role, structures of the system. Provides also the description of the thyroid and parathyroid glands, adrenals, endocrine part of pancreas and pituitary gland.
Physiology of speech and speech laterality.
Physiology of memory and learning, spatial learning, general intelligence
Physiology of emotions, emotion intelligence, anger, fear, happiness.
Physiology of higher brain fiunctions, cortical syndromes, sleep physiology.
Sensory hierarchy of CNS, vision, hearing, pain perception.
Ontogenesis and development of central nervous system.
Antibodies manage to protect us against germs principally by two ways: by enveloping their surfaces (opsonisation), what makes their engulfment and killing by phagocytes easier and more effective or by cell lysis. However, in this case, they need a help from the complement system.
Lymphatic vessels (lymphatic capillaries, collecting vessels, collecting ducts), lymph (origin, composition, formation), lymph flow (intrinsic and extrinsic mechanism), lymphatic tissues and organs (lymph nodes, mucosa associated lymphoid tissue - MALT, spleen, thymus), functions of lymphatic system.
Continuation of the endocrine system description.
Endocrine system - part II. The lecture for the 1st year medical students - Dentistry branch (English programme) - continuation of the part I: describes regulatory role of hypothalamus, pineal gland, thymus, gonadal glands and also chromaffine cells system.
Describes the clinical antomy of the structures of the cardiovascular system: heart and vessels.
Clinical anatomy of the cardiovascular system- the lecture for the 4th year medical students (General Medicine branch), compulsory optional subject Clinical anatomy - summer semester. The lecture provides the description of the cardiovascular system structures from their clinical anatomical point of view.
Clinical anatomy of the lymphatic system.
Clinical anatomy of the lymphatic system - the lecture for the 4th year medical students (General Medicine branch), compulsory optional subject Clinical anatomy. Provides the descriptom of the lymphatic system structures from the point of view of the clinical anatomy.
Protilátky nás pred mikroorganizmami chránia principiálne dvoma spôsobmi: obaľovaním ich povrchu (opsonizácia), čo uľahčuje ich pohltenie a usmrtenie fagocytmi, alebo ich lýzou. V tomto poslednom prípade však potrebujú pomoc zo strany komplementového systému. Tento tvorí viac ako 35 proteínov, ktoré produkuje najmä pečeň a makrofágy, čo umožňuje jeho aktiváciu kdekoľvek v organizme kde prebieha zápal. Zložky komplementu sú súčasťou proteínov plazmy a reprezentujú 10% z globulínovej frakcie.
Verejnosť vníma imunológiu ako vednú disciplínu, ktorá sa zaoberá štúdiom obranných mechanizmov proti mikroorganizmom, infekčným chorobám. Dnes však Imunológiu vnímame širšie, ako vednú disciplínu, ktorá študuje bunkové a molekulové procesy, ktoré sa odohrávajú v organizme človeka, či zvierat alebo rastlín po vniknutí akejkoľvek cudzej látky do tela. K rozvoju imunológie prispeli početné významné osobnosti, zmieňme sa len o takých velikánoch ako boli Louis Pasteur, Ilja Mečnikov, Jean Dausset a mnohí, mnohí ďalší; svedčia o tom Nobelove ceny, ktoré sa skoro každé 3 – 4 roky dostanú vedeckí pracovníci na poli imunológie. Táto skutočnosť je odrazom prudkého rozmachu tohto fascinujúceho vedného odboru a jeho veľkému významu pre biológiu a medicínu.
Cytokines. PAMPs and PRRs
.. and differentiation of cells of the immune system. Moreover, cytokines influence functions.. .. and differentiation of cells of the immune system. Moreover, cytokines influence functions of.. .. activation, proliferation and differentiation of cells of the immune system. Moreover, cytokines.. .. of cell-surface receptors. Instead, the innate immune system recognition of antigens is based on a.. .. receptors. Instead, the innate immune system recognition of antigens is based on a much.. .. immunity recognises an infinite variety of antigens by millions of cell-surface receptors... ..keywords: interleukins, molecular patterns of.. ..of. MUDr. Milan Buc, DrSc. Attachments:..
.. description of immune system, types of leukocytes, blood.. .. description of immune system, types of leukocytes, blood.. .. description of immune system, types of leukocytes, blood..
Antigen presentation; T cell mediated immunity
.. antigens are no able to induce an immune response without being previously processed by.. .. to a specific biological functions. Depending of antigen origin, there are two presentation.. .. as well as APC, B cell and other cell of the immune system, is regulated by regulatory T cells.. .. well as APC, B cell and other cell of the immune system, is regulated by regulatory T cells (Tregs)... .. cells are not unique population of cells. There are two basic subpopulations, those.. ..of. MUDr. Milan Buc, DrSc. Prílohy: Príloha ..
.. and their divisions according to the type of the immune functions defects. Must of the lecture devotes.. .. and their divisions according to the type of the immune functions defects. Must of the.. .. meat. HIV infects a variety of cells of the immune system, including CD4-expressing helper T cells,.. .. infects a variety of cells of the immune system, including CD4-expressing helper T cells,.. .. 1983 and HIV-2 in 1986. HIV-1 is the major cause of AIDS in the world today. Worldwide, the number.. ..of. MUDr. Milan Buc, DrSc. Prílohy: Príloha ..
HLA complex and its significancein biology and medicine
.. of all nucleated cells. They form a unique system for which the term “Major.. .. determined proteins present in membranes of all nucleated cells. They form a unique system.. .. are involved in cooperation of cells o the immune system and are indispensable for tolerance.. .. involved in cooperation of cells o the immune system and are indispensable for tolerance induction... .. genetic region of the HLA complex is located on the short arm of.. ..keywords: molecules, HLA system, chromosome 6, antigen presentation,.. ..of. MUDr. Milan Buc, DrSc. Prílohy: Príloha ..
Blood physiology 4th seminar
.. of immune barriers, mechanisms of individual bariers,.. .. of immune barriers, mechanisms of individual..
Antibodies. B cells
.. bind to receptors of various cell of the immune system.. .. bind to receptors of various cell of the immune system.. .. are molecules of glycoprotein nature that have ability to bind.. .. occupy lymphoid follicles. They comprise 15% of all peripheral blood lymphocytes and are.. ..of. MUDr. Milan Buc, DrSc. Attachments:..
Autoimmunity and autoimmune disease
.. principal role of the immune system is to protect the organism from.. .. principal role of the immune system is to protect the organism from principally two.. .. principal role of the immune system is to protect the organism.. .. the lymphocytes may be activated, leading to immune responses, or the cells may be inactivated or.. .. is a fundamental property of the normal immune system, and failure of self-tolerance results in immune.. .. called self-tolerance, is a fundamental property of the normal immune system, and failure of.. .. citlivé [?] Licencia Autoimmunity and autoimmune disease | 9.4.2013 8.34 MB MEFANET.. ..of. MUDr. Milan Buc, DrSc. Prílohy: Príloha ..
Chapters of pediatric ophthalmology
.. work consists of basic information about pediatric.. .. is divided into next chapters: Characteristic of pediatric ophthalmology, History of.. .. diagnosis and treatment, Dacryocystitis in newborns, Glaucoma in children, Retinoblastoma -.. ..of. MUDr. Anton Gerinec Prílohy: Príloha ..
.. Platelets and haemostasis. Leukocytes and their immune unctions. Plasma - composition, function,..