The principal role of the immune system is to protect the organism from principally two the most dangerous events potentially threatening our life, i.e. infection and malignancy. However, sometimes the immune system instead of reacting against foreign and aberrant self-antigens can attack self-molecules. This inappropriate response of the immune system against self-components is termed autoimmunity.
There are 70 - 80 autoimmune disorders known till now and app. 5% of Caucasoid population suffers from them. Our understanding of autoimmunity has improved greatly during the last two decades, mainly because of the development of a variety of animal models of these diseases and the identification of genes that may predispose to autoimmunity. Nevertheless, the aetiology of most human autoimmune diseases remains still obscure.
The term “autoimmunity” is often erroneously used for a disease in which immune reactions accompany tissue injury; they are “a by-product” of a release of self-antigens to circulation without causing any damage; moreover, these “autoimmune reactions” help to degrade them and to remove them from the body.
Lecture for General Medicine and Stomatology students
Neuro-ophthalmology is an academically-oriented subspecialty that merges the fields of neurology and ophthalmology, often dealing with complex systemic diseases that have manifestations in the visual system.
Seminar for students of 6th class. Surgical Diseases of Oesophagus.
E-book containing learning text for students of 5th and 6th years of medical faculties as well as for postgraduate physicians. In the individual chapters breast anatomy and physiology diagnosis and treatment of breast diseases, etc. is discussed. It contains many pictures and tables with classifications of radiological, cytological and histological findings.
The small intestine is divided into two anatomical portions: the jejunum, which constitutes the proximal two-fifths, and the thinner ileum, which occupies the right iliac fossa and pelvis.
.. of Valvular Heart Disease Management of Acute Myocardial Infarction .. .. [?] Licence Management of Valvular Heart Disease 26.3.2020 6.8 MB anyone – – ..
Ophthalmooncology - Tumors of the Orbit
.. and orbital radiation therapy. Leukemic disease is usually managed by orbital radiation therapy,..
SEMINAR HAEMOSTASIS DISORDERS 6th class
.. Hemophilia A and B. Von Willebrand disease. Venous thromboembolism. Thrombophlebitis and..
.. Tedlová PhD. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) - MUDr. Helena Novosadová, PhD. CAP .. .. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) 20.3.2020 1.79..
Monthly incidence of childhood diabetes type 1 in Slovakia 1985-1998
.. increase in the incidence of this disease, observed in Central and Eastern Europe..
Pneumonia for students
.. problem. One of the most common infectious diseases. Important cause of mortality and morbidity.. ..keywords: disease..
Some aspects of the epidemiology and prognosis of zoonotic toxocarosis
.. population as well as subclinical forms of the disease would be taken into account. Helminthologia..
Time course of nontyphoid salmonellosis in Slovakia 1957-2008
.. numbers of new cases of this disease, collected over one half century,were processed..
Serological methods I
.. methods that are used in diagnosis of infectious diseases (antibodies screening), serotyping of..
.. in hypogonadal men). Hematological (Sickle cell disease -> commonest cause of priapism in children...