Investigation in hematology. Blood diseases. Lymphadenopathy. Anemias. Acute leukemias. Chronic leukemias. Myeloprolipherative neoplasmas. Lymphomas. Splenomegaly. Transfusiology. Hemostasis disorders.
Investigation in hematology. Blood diseases. Lymphadenopathy. Anemias. Acute leukemias. Chronic leukemias . Myeloprolipherative neoplasmas. Lymphomas. Splenomegaly. Transfusiology. Hemostasis disorders.
E-book containing learning text for students of 5th and 6th years of medical faculties as well as for postgraduate physicians. In the individual chapters breast anatomy and physiology diagnosis and treatment of breast diseases, etc. is discussed. It contains many pictures and tables with classifications of radiological, cytological and histological findings.
The lecture „Structure of Matter From Biophysical Point of View“ is aimed to give a brief introduction to some applications of physics at microscopic level in medicine. It explains the fundamental problem of science, gives an overview of important stages in structure analysis, explains different structure and forms of matter, physical interactions, general properties and characteristics of matter, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, basic properties of elementary particles, the principle and usefulness of Schrödinger equation.
Human skin seems to be simply external coverage of the human body. This statement is not completely true, as human skin, in addition to its protective function from the external environment, does have a range of other functions such as mechanical barrier, external immune barrier, participation in thermoregulation, excretion of sweat and sebum, sensory functions, and identification functions for the human being. Skin is the largest organ of the human body, as its average surface in adult persons is about 2 m2 and its total mass is about 5 kg. An extensive burn injury affecting more than 20% of the body surface area, can lead to temporary, or permanent dysfunction or failure of the skin organ which could become a life threatening situation.
Topographic anatomy of regions of head and neck. Cranium. Temporomandibular joint. Muscles of mastication. Muscles of facial expression. Suprahyoid and infrahyoid muscles. Larynx. Salivary glands. Motor and sensory innervation of face and oral cavity. Lymphoid system of face and neck. Coniotomy, tracheotomy.
B lymphocytes are principal cells that mediate humoral adaptive immunity. After their maturation in the bone marrow, B cells enter peripheral lymphoid tissues, which are the sites of interaction with foreign antigens. Production of antibodies is initiated by the interaction of antigens with a small number of mature B cells specific for each antigen. An antigen binds to the membrane receptors on specific B cells and initiates a series of responses that lead to two principal changes: cell proliferation resulting in expansion of the clone, and differentiation to either plasma cells actively secreting antibodies or to memory cells.
Key words: B cells, subsets of B cells, memory B cells, plasma cells
Metabolism, metabolic rate. Basal metabolic rate. Total daily energy expenditure. Factors that determine the metabolic rate. Measurement of the metabolic rate. Energy balance. Metabolism and physical activity. Oxygen debt. Efficiency of physical work. Metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohysrates. Fed state and fasting state metabolism.
The lecture „Radioactivity“ is aimed to explain basic terms as radioactive isotopes, natural and artificial radioactivity, law of radioactive decay, half-life of decay (physical, biological, effective), mean life-time, activity and connected formulas and physical units.
The presentation explains the origin of resting membrane potential, principle of its measurement, its interpretation mainly based on diffusion potential (Donnan equilibrium), its calculation using the Nernst and the Goldman equations. Suitable to all study branches.