Topographic Anatomy of the Head

Topographic anatomy of regions of head and neck. Cranium. Temporomandibular joint. Muscles of mastication. Muscles of facial expression. Suprahyoid and infrahyoid muscles. Larynx. Salivary glands. Motor and sensory innervation of face and oral cavity. Lymphoid system of face and neck. Coniotomy, tracheotomy.

Term ANATOMY from Greek anatomé = „a cutting up“


  • As a science deals with morphology and structures of the human body.

  • Its sound knowledge forms a basis for understanding of other subdivisions of the anatomy and is required to all clinical medical specialties.

Division of anatomy – criteriums

► The main criterium by the systematic anatomy is functional point of view i. e. systems (e.g. skeletal and muscular systems, cardiovascular system, digestive system, respiratory system, central and peripheral nervous system, urogenital system, integumentary system with skin and epidermal derivates etc.).

Other subdivisions of anatomy:

► Macroscopic (or gross anat.) and Microscopic (close to histology)

► Developmental (experimental, close to embryology)

► Antropological (description and measurments on larger groups of humans)

► Anatomy of the External forms (for painters and sculptors)

► Comparative (between humans and animals)

►►► Normal and Pathological anat. (changes associated with diseases).

Topographical anatomy
Generally the subjects are various specific regions of the human body with all structures included there regardless of their function
i. e. regional anatomy of:
e.g. thorax, abdomen, limbs...
→→→ H+N.

Topographical anatomy of Head and Neck
Usually a course of the description is from the surface to the deepier layers.


1) Importance

2) No separation

3) Variations

4) Terminology


= What is less important (e. g. regarding life, function) is more superficially located

  • Arteries are more deeply than the veins

  • Truncs of nerves more deeply than the small nerve branches...


= Many structues have always close relatioship

  • The vessels are usually accompanied with nerves (neurovascular bundle)

  • Blood vessels (aa., vv.) and lymphatic vessels pass thorugh the body together


= Systematic anatomy has large degree of variations from 50 % to 99 % by various regions (especially under some pathological conditions)


= The Latine terms are precise and avoid use of unnecessary words.

„You will start to build your medical vocabulary.“


Attachment   Date Size Availability [?] Clinically sensitive [?] Licence
 Introduction 19.9.2022 3.51 MB anyone
 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR STUDY 19.9.2022 7.39 MB anyone
 Topographic seminar 4 30.10.2023 43.64 MB anyone
 Topographic seminar 3 30.10.2023 24.68 MB anyone
 Topographic seminar 2 30.10.2023 26 MB anyone
 Topographic seminar 30.10.2023 11.05 MB anyone
 L A R Y N X 30.11.2021 8.35 MB anyone
 Classification of fractures after LE FORT 9.11.2023 3.85 MB anyone
 Way of spreading of inflammation 9.11.2023 25.65 MB anyone
 Limited opening of the mouth from the pointview of topographic anatomy 30.10.2023 194.53 KB anyone
 Cranial nerves 1.12.2016 57.14 KB anyone
 Lymph nodes 9.11.2023 893.05 KB anyone
 Neck regions 30.11.2021 31.68 MB anyone
 Parapharyngeal + retrophar. spaces 23.11.2022 23.03 MB anyone
 Skin cleavage lines 9.11.2023 16.68 MB anyone
 Nose + paranasal sinuses 22.9.2021 23.77 MB anyone
 Salivary glands 22.9.2021 40.25 MB anyone
 Auricle 23.11.2022 985.25 KB anyone
 Basis cranii 22.9.2021 23.93 MB anyone
 Neurocranial regions 30.11.2021 17.07 MB anyone
 Masticatory Muscles 22.9.2021 3.57 MB anyone
 Skull 22.9.2021 12.6 MB anyone
 INFRAORBITAL REGION and ZYGOMA 24.9.2021 3.46 MB anyone
 TRACHETOMY and CONIOTOMY 23.11.2022 16.98 MB anyone
 MUSCLES of FACIAL EXPRESSION 24.9.2021 9.83 MB anyone
 OVERVIEW of MUSCLES in Orofacial and Neck Region 30.11.2021 52.75 MB anyone
 ORBITAL REGION 24.9.2021 9.91 MB anyone
 SUPRA- and INFRAHYOID MUSCLES 24.9.2021 21.04 MB anyone
 Topographic anatomy aspects in maxillofacial traumatology 24.9.2021 11.88 MB anyone
 ORAL CAVITY 11.11.2021 43.98 MB anyone
 NERVES in Orofacial and Neck Region 19.11.2021 30.6 MB anyone
 Temporomandibular joint 30.11.2021 8.51 MB anyone
 Rule of fingers 23.11.2022 16.82 MB anyone