Topographic Anatomy of the Head

Topographic anatomy of regions of head and neck. Cranium. Temporomandibular joint. Muscles of mastication. Muscles of facial expression. Suprahyoid and infrahyoid muscles. Larynx. Salivary glands. Motor and sensory innervation of face and oral cavity. Lymphoid system of face and neck. Coniotomy, tracheotomy.

Term ANATOMY from Greek anatomé = „a cutting up“


SYSTEMATIC ANATOMY

  • As a science deals with morphology and structures of the human body.

  • Its sound knowledge forms a basis for understanding of other subdivisions of the anatomy and is required to all clinical medical specialties.

Division of anatomy – criteriums

► The main criterium by the systematic anatomy is functional point of view i. e. systems (e.g. skeletal and muscular systems, cardiovascular system, digestive system, respiratory system, central and peripheral nervous system, urogenital system, integumentary system with skin and epidermal derivates etc.).

Other subdivisions of anatomy:

► Macroscopic (or gross anat.) and Microscopic (close to histology)

► Developmental (experimental, close to embryology)

► Antropological (description and measurments on larger groups of humans)

► Anatomy of the External forms (for painters and sculptors)

► Comparative (between humans and animals)

►►► Normal and Pathological anat. (changes associated with diseases).

Topographical anatomy
Generally the subjects are various specific regions of the human body with all structures included there regardless of their function
i. e. regional anatomy of:
e.g. thorax, abdomen, limbs...
→→→ H+N.

Topographical anatomy of Head and Neck
Usually a course of the description is from the surface to the deepier layers.

RULES IN TOPOGRAPHIC ANATOMY

1) Importance

2) No separation

3) Variations

4) Terminology

1/ IMPORTANCE

= What is less important (e. g. regarding life, function) is more superficially located

  • Arteries are more deeply than the veins

  • Truncs of nerves more deeply than the small nerve branches...

2/ NO SEPARATION

= Many structues have always close relatioship

  • The vessels are usually accompanied with nerves (neurovascular bundle)

  • Blood vessels (aa., vv.) and lymphatic vessels pass thorugh the body together

3/ VARIATIONS

= Systematic anatomy has large degree of variations from 50 % to 99 % by various regions (especially under some pathological conditions)

4/ TERMINOLOGY

= The Latine terms are precise and avoid use of unnecessary words.


„You will start to build your medical vocabulary.“

 

Attachment   Date Size Availability [?] Clinically sensitive [?] Licence
 TRACHETOMY and CONIOTOMY 7.12.2017 16.53 MB anyone
 L A R Y N X 7.12.2017 7.71 MB anyone
 CLASSIFICATION OF FRACTURES AFTER LE FORT 7.12.2017 975.65 KB anyone
 Way of spreading of inflammation 7.12.2017 24.83 MB anyone
 Limited opening of the mouth from the pointview of topographic anatomy 7.12.2017 216.81 KB anyone
 Cranial nerves 1.12.2016 57.14 KB anyone
 Lymph nodes 1.12.2016 330 KB anyone
 Neck regions 1.12.2016 32.51 MB anyone
 Parapharyngeal + retrophar. spaces 1.12.2016 20.77 MB anyone
 Skin cleavage lines 1.12.2016 16.5 MB anyone
 Nose + paranasal sinuses 23.11.2016 25.76 MB anyone
 Salivary glands 23.11.2016 40.25 MB anyone
 Tracheotomy + coniotomy 23.11.2016 16.53 MB anyone
 Introduction 13.10.2015 75.2 KB anyone
 Auricle 13.10.2015 987.1 KB anyone
 Basis cranii 13.10.2015 5.9 MB anyone
 Neurocranial regions 13.10.2015 16.58 MB anyone
 Masticatory Muscles 13.10.2015 3.57 MB anyone
 Skull 13.10.2015 4.83 MB anyone
 Temporomandibular joint 13.10.2015 8.46 MB anyone