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Topographic Anatomy of the Head

Topographic Anatomy of the Head

Topographic anatomy of regions of head and neck. Cranium. Temporomandibular joint. Muscles of mastication. Muscles of facial expression. Suprahyoid and infrahyoid muscles. Larynx. Salivary glands. Motor and sensory innervation of face and oral cavity. Lymphoid system of face and neck. Coniotomy, tracheotomy.


Term ANATOMY from Greek anatomé = „a cutting up“


SYSTEMATIC ANATOMY

  • As a science deals with morphology and structures of the human body.

  • Its sound knowledge forms a basis for understanding of other subdivisions of the anatomy and is required to all clinical medical specialties.

Division of anatomy – criteriums

► The main criterium by the systematic anatomy is functional point of view i. e. systems (e.g. skeletal and muscular systems, cardiovascular system, digestive system, respiratory system, central and peripheral nervous system, urogenital system, integumentary system with skin and epidermal derivates etc.).

Other subdivisions of anatomy:

► Macroscopic (or gross anat.) and Microscopic (close to histology)

► Developmental (experimental, close to embryology)

► Antropological (description and measurments on larger groups of humans)

► Anatomy of the External forms (for painters and sculptors)

► Comparative (between humans and animals)

►►► Normal and Pathological anat. (changes associated with diseases).

Topographical anatomy
Generally the subjects are various specific regions of the human body with all structures included there regardless of their function
i. e. regional anatomy of:
e.g. thorax, abdomen, limbs...
→→→ H+N.

Topographical anatomy of Head and Neck
Usually a course of the description is from the surface to the deepier layers.

RULES IN TOPOGRAPHIC ANATOMY

1) Importance

2) No separation

3) Variations

4) Terminology

1/ IMPORTANCE

= What is less important (e. g. regarding life, function) is more superficially located

  • Arteries are more deeply than the veins

  • Truncs of nerves more deeply than the small nerve branches...

2/ NO SEPARATION

= Many structues have always close relatioship

  • The vessels are usually accompanied with nerves (neurovascular bundle)

  • Blood vessels (aa., vv.) and lymphatic vessels pass thorugh the body together

3/ VARIATIONS

= Systematic anatomy has large degree of variations from 50 % to 99 % by various regions (especially under some pathological conditions)

4/ TERMINOLOGY

= The Latine terms are precise and avoid use of unnecessary words.


„You will start to build your medical vocabulary.“

 

Attachments:
Attachment   Date Size Availability [?] Clinically sensitive [?] Licence
pptx TRACHETOMY and CONIOTOMY Download - TRACHETOMY and CONIOTOMYOpen in new window - TRACHETOMY and CONIOTOMY 7.12.2017 16.53 MB anyone
pptx L A R Y N X Download - L A R Y N XOpen in new window - L A R Y N X 7.12.2017 7.71 MB anyone
pptx CLASSIFICATION OF FRACTURES AFTER LE FORT Download - CLASSIFICATION OF FRACTURES AFTER LE FORTOpen in new window - CLASSIFICATION OF FRACTURES AFTER LE FORT 7.12.2017 975.65 KB anyone
pptx Way of spreading of inflammation Download - Way of spreading of inflammationOpen in new window - Way of spreading of inflammation 7.12.2017 24.83 MB anyone
pptx Limited opening of the mouth from the pointview of topographic anatomy Download - Limited opening of the mouth from the pointview of topographic anatomyOpen in new window - Limited opening of the mouth from the pointview of topographic anatomy 7.12.2017 216.81 KB anyone
pptx Cranial nerves Download - Cranial nervesOpen in new window - Cranial nerves 1.12.2016 57.14 KB anyone
pptx Lymph nodes Download - Lymph nodesOpen in new window - Lymph nodes 1.12.2016 330 KB anyone
pptx Neck regions Download - Neck regionsOpen in new window - Neck regions 1.12.2016 32.51 MB anyone
pptx Parapharyngeal + retrophar. spaces Download - Parapharyngeal + retrophar. spacesOpen in new window - Parapharyngeal + retrophar. spaces 1.12.2016 20.77 MB anyone
pptx Skin cleavage lines Download - Skin cleavage linesOpen in new window - Skin cleavage lines 1.12.2016 16.5 MB anyone
pptx Nose + paranasal sinuses Download - Nose + paranasal sinusesOpen in new window - Nose + paranasal sinuses 23.11.2016 25.76 MB anyone
pptx Salivary glands Download - Salivary glandsOpen in new window - Salivary glands 23.11.2016 40.25 MB anyone
pptx Tracheotomy + coniotomy Download - Tracheotomy + coniotomyOpen in new window - Tracheotomy + coniotomy 23.11.2016 16.53 MB anyone
pptx Introduction Download - IntroductionOpen in new window - Introduction 13.10.2015 75.2 KB anyone
pptx Auricle Download - AuricleOpen in new window - Auricle 13.10.2015 987.1 KB anyone
pptx Basis cranii Download - Basis craniiOpen in new window - Basis cranii 13.10.2015 5.9 MB anyone
pptx Neurocranial regions Download - Neurocranial regionsOpen in new window - Neurocranial regions 13.10.2015 16.58 MB anyone
pptx Masticatory Muscles Download - Masticatory MusclesOpen in new window - Masticatory Muscles 13.10.2015 3.57 MB anyone
pptx Skull Download - SkullOpen in new window - Skull 13.10.2015 4.83 MB anyone
pptx Temporomandibular joint Download - Temporomandibular jointOpen in new window - Temporomandibular joint 13.10.2015 8.46 MB anyone

Keywords: Topographic anatomy, head, neck, cranium

Discipline:

author: Peter Stanko | organization: Department of Stomatology and Maxilofacial Surgery | published on: 13.10.2015 | last modified on: 7.12.2017
citation: Stanko Peter: Topographic Anatomy of the Head. Multimedia support in the education of clinical and health care disciplines :: Portal of Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University [online] 2015-10-13, last modif. 2017-12-07 [cit. 2019-03-25] Available from WWW: <https://portal.fmed.uniba.sk/articles.php?aid=268>. ISSN 1337-9577.
 

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